Extension of energy crops on surplus agricultural lands: A potentially viable option in developing countries while fossil fuel reserves are diminishing

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Rahman, Md. Mizanur
dc.contributor.author B.Mostafiz, Suraiya
dc.contributor.author Paatero, Jukka V.
dc.contributor.author Lahdelma, Risto
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-16T09:39:22Z
dc.date.issued 2014-01
dc.identifier.citation Rahman , M M , B.Mostafiz , S , Paatero , J V & Lahdelma , R 2014 , ' Extension of energy crops on surplus agricultural lands: A potentially viable option in developing countries while fossil fuel reserves are diminishing ' RENEWABLE AND SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS , vol 29 , pp. 108-119 . DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2013.08.092 en
dc.identifier.issn 1364-0321
dc.identifier.issn 1879-0690
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 258236f4-6c0e-48f4-83e9-da80efe3e14d
dc.identifier.other PURE ITEMURL: https://research.aalto.fi/en/publications/extension-of-energy-crops-on-surplus-agricultural-lands-a-potentially-viable-option-in-developing-countries-while-fossil-fuel-reserves-are-diminishing(258236f4-6c0e-48f4-83e9-da80efe3e14d).html
dc.identifier.other PURE LINK: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.08.092
dc.identifier.other PURE FILEURL: https://research.aalto.fi/files/7097892/2014_Rahman_Renew_Sust_Energ_Rev_postprint_Extension_of_energy_crops.pdf
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/21985
dc.description.abstract The rapid depletion of fossil fuel reserves and environmental concerns with their combustion necessitate looking for alternative sources for long term sustainability of the world. These concerns also appear serious in developing countries who are striving for rapid economic growth. The net biomass growing potential on the global land surface is 10 times more than the global food, feed, fiber, and energy demands. This study investigates whether the developing countries have sufficient land resource to meet the projected energy demand towards 2035 by planting energy crops on surplus agricultural land after food and feed production. The annual yields of four commonly grown energy crops specifically jatropha, switchgrass, miscanthus, and willow have been used to make scenarios and estimate land requirements against each scenario. This paper first performs literature reviews on the availability of land resource, past and future trends in land use changes, demand of lands for food production, and potential expansion of croplands. The energy demands towards 2035 are compiled from energy scenarios derived by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the British Petroleum (BP). This paper also reviewed bio-physiological characteristics of these energy crops to determine whether they are cultivable under tropical climatic conditions in developing regions. This paper found that projected energy demand through 2035 in developing regions could be provided by energy crops grown on a portion of surplus croplands or upgraded grasslands (27% and 22% respectively for miscanthus scenario). Sustainable land management practices, improved agricultural productivity, and adopting suitable energy crops cultivation can potentially supply increasing energy demands. en
dc.format.extent 12
dc.format.extent 108-119
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Volume 29 en
dc.rights openAccess en
dc.subject.other 214 Mechanical engineering en
dc.subject.other 218 Environmental engineering en
dc.subject.other 212 Civil and construction engineering en
dc.title Extension of energy crops on surplus agricultural lands: A potentially viable option in developing countries while fossil fuel reserves are diminishing en
dc.type A2 Katsausartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä fi
dc.description.version Peer reviewed en
dc.contributor.department Department of Energy Technology
dc.contributor.department University of Helsinki
dc.contributor.department Department of Mechanical Engineering en
dc.subject.keyword Energycrop
dc.subject.keyword Land conversion
dc.subject.keyword Surplus land
dc.subject.keyword Yield improvement
dc.subject.keyword 214 Mechanical engineering
dc.subject.keyword 218 Environmental engineering
dc.subject.keyword 212 Civil and construction engineering
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201609163867
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.rser.2013.08.092
dc.type.version acceptedVersion

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