CSR reports and company characteristics: 50 biggest companies in Finland

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Arhe, Hanna
dc.date.accessioned 2016-08-16T11:36:03Z
dc.date.available 2016-08-16T11:36:03Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/21499
dc.description.abstract Objective of the Study: The purpose of this thesis is to examine Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) reporting in Finnish companies. Since the companies are acting in various industries, the focus is on CSR and CSR reporting in the cross-industry context. The focus of this study is on environmental and social aspects of CSR. The purpose of this thesis is to understand how the firm characteristics are associated with CSR communication in Finland. Those characteristics consist of profitability, visibility in media, shareholder structure, firm size and industry membership. Furthermore, this study concentrates on companies' annual reports, CSR reports and sustainability reports. Theory and Methods: The theoretical framework of the thesis is based on previous literature on CSR, CSR reporting and firm characteristics. The hypotheses are designed based on existing academic literature, and these are tested quantitatively by correlation analysis in the empirical part. Correlation indicate the association of firm characteristics and CSR disclosing. The primary assumption is that firm characteristics affect CSR disclosing. The correlation facilitates identification of relationships between variables. The sample for the thesis is gathered based on the company profitability rating in year 2013 published by "Talouselämä", the Finnish economic magazine. All the reports are hand-collected at company websites, and the actual data consists word amounts of relevant keywords according to Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) framework. The word counts are conducted through content analysis of the companies' CSR information. The unit of analysis used in content analysis is one term (consisting one or more words). Due to small data the analysis is based on simple statistical methods. Findings and Conclusion: The overall findings suggest that in Finnish context firm characteristics are associated with CSR reporting practices, which is in line with previous literature. Firm factors in common, having positive correlation on CSR disclosing in this study, were visibility and firm size (1). In the sample excluding financial companies, the correlation for firm size was higher and also ownership structure and profitability were associated with CSR-reporting (2). Additionally, it seems that ownership structure and firm size have more important role on CSR reporting in the industrial companies than in the service companies (3). All in all, this thesis contributes to generating academic knowledge on how CSR is currently related to firm characteristics in cross-industry context. In addition, the findings will assist to further study the relation between firm characteristics and CSR disclosing in Finland. However, it should be taken into account that the results of CSR studies have deviations due to many reasons, such as the multidimensional nature of CSR, the variety of companies and the voluntariness of CSR decision. en
dc.format.extent 106
dc.language.iso en en
dc.title CSR reports and company characteristics: 50 biggest companies in Finland en
dc.type G2 Pro gradu, diplomityö fi
dc.contributor.school Kauppakorkeakoulu fi
dc.contributor.school School of Business en
dc.contributor.department Tieto- ja palvelutalouden laitos fi
dc.contributor.department Department of Information and Service Economy en
dc.subject.keyword Corporate social responsibility (CSR)
dc.subject.keyword CSR disclosing
dc.subject.keyword CSR communication
dc.subject.keyword CSR dimensions
dc.subject.keyword CSR performance
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201609083713
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.programme.major MSc program in Information and Service Management fi
dc.programme.major MSc program in Information and Service Management en
dc.type.ontasot Pro gradu tutkielma fi
dc.type.ontasot Master's thesis en
dc.subject.helecon yritykset
dc.subject.helecon companies
dc.subject.helecon vastuu
dc.subject.helecon responsibility
dc.subject.helecon sosiaalinen vastuu
dc.subject.helecon social responsibility
dc.ethesisid 14677
dc.date.dateaccepted 2016-06-14
dc.location P1 I


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