Environmental assessment approach for the early stages of product design

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Medyna, Galina
dc.date.accessioned 2016-03-22T10:01:02Z
dc.date.available 2016-03-22T10:01:02Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.isbn 978-952-60-4986-1 (electronic)
dc.identifier.isbn 978-952-60-4985-4 (printed)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4934 (printed)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4934 (ISSN-L)
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/19845
dc.description Julkaistu vain painettuna, saatavuus katso Bibid. Published only in printed form, availability see Bibid
dc.description.abstract Engineering designers wield a tremendous power as they are responsible for the design of a large part of the world that surrounds us. All artificial products and services were once a pristine bit of nature and the impact that mankind has on this planet is a growing concern at all levels, from single customers to world-wide companies and governments. The task of producing something that does not contribute to this impact is daunting. The first part of this thesis elaborates on engineering design and the ways of influencing product design towards more environmentally conscious solutions. Engineering design is a complex activity that can be modelled as a process made up of three basic phases - conceptual, embodiment, and detailed design. The decisions made during the early stages of this process are responsible for the majority of the final costs, monetary, environmental or otherwise, of a project. Any changes made to the design after these stages not only unnecessarily bring up the costs, but there are also fewer opportunities to make them. The question remains of how designers can be supported during the design process to produce more environmentally conscious artefacts. Design for Environment guidelines are a good start but they do not provide quantifiable data, full LCA methods are extremely resource consuming and do not provide robust results before the design is finalised, etc. In order to alleviate the shortfalls of these methods, the thesis proposes the DA-Ex approach based on exergy and dimensional analysis. The aim of the approach is to use readily available data that can be stored in a lightweight database, be applicable during the early phases of the design process when the studied artefact is not yet fully defined, provide results of comparable quality to those obtained with existing methods and tools, and offer ways of expanding the studies to fields related to sustainability beyond environmental assessment. The DA-Ex approach first considers exergy transformation efficiency, resource use efficiency, and environmental emission metrics. An expansion is also proposed to cost analysis. Several case studies were performed to test the DA-Ex approach. The results obtained with the approach were compared to those provided by existing methods and indicators, although they could not be compared number to number due to the fact that all methods and indicators function with different characterisations and base hypotheses. The next step for the DA-Ex approach is to include a systemic view, as to not only cover the designed artefact in a study but also its environment and what impact it has on it. en
dc.format.extent 69 + app. 121
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Aalto University en
dc.publisher Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.relation.ispartofseries Aalto University publication series DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONS en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 15/2013
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 1]: Medyna, G., Nordlund, H., and Coatanéa, E. Study of an exergy method for environmental evaluation assessment in the early design phase using comparative LCA and exergy approach. International Journal of Design Engineering, Volume 2 (3), pp. 320 - 345, 2009. DOI: 10.1504/IJDE.2009.030178
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 2]: Medyna, G., Coatanéa, E., and Millet, D. Comparative study of environmental evaluation assessment using exergetic LCA implemented in existing software and a novel exergetic approach during the early design phase. In Proceedings of the ICED 2009 conference, Stanford, USA, August 2009
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 3]: Medyna, G., and Coatanéa, E. Decision making and value considerations during the early stages of engineering design. Global Product Development (Extended Proceedings of the 2010 CIRP Design Conference), Bernard, Alain (Ed.), pp. 397 - 402, 2011. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-15973-2_39
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 4]: Medyna, G., Coatanéa, E., and Millet, D. Environmental and Economic Evaluation of Solar Thermal Panels using Exergy and Dimensional Analysis. Glocalized Solutions for Sustainability in Manufacturing (Proceedings of the 2011 CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering LCE), Jürgen Hesselbach and Christoph Herrmann (Eds.), pp. 647 - 651, May 2011. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-19692-8_112
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 5]: Medyna, G., Coatanéa, E., and Millet, D. Evaluation of parts of a boat cabin based on exergy - focusing on environmental and economic assessments. In Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress 2011, Denver, CO, USA, November 2011. DOI: 10.1115/IMECE2011-63333
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 6]: Medyna, G., Nonsiri, S., Coatanéa, E., Bernard, A. Modelling, Evaluation and Simulation During the Early Design Stages: Toward the Development of an Approach Limiting the Need for Specific Knowledge. Accepted for publication in Journal of Integrated Design and Process Science, accepted September 2012. DOI: 10.3233/jid-2012-0006
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 7]: Coatanéa, E., Medyna, G., Mbeo Ogeya, C., and Ritola, T. Early design stage support using a systemic perspective: sustainable design of pyrolytic stove eco-system. Journal of Cleaner Production, submitted June 6th 2012
dc.subject.other Design en
dc.subject.other Environmental science en
dc.title Environmental assessment approach for the early stages of product design en
dc.type G5 Artikkeliväitöskirja fi
dc.contributor.school Insinööritieteiden korkeakoulu fi
dc.contributor.school School of Engineering en
dc.contributor.department Koneenrakennustekniikan laitos fi
dc.contributor.department Department of Mechanical Engineering en
dc.subject.keyword product development en
dc.subject.keyword engineering design en
dc.subject.keyword environmental assessment en
dc.subject.keyword exergy en
dc.subject.keyword dimensional analysis en
dc.identifier.urn URN:ISBN:978-952-60-4986-1
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation (article-based) en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja (artikkeli) fi
dc.contributor.supervisor Coatanéa, Eric, Aalto University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Finland
dc.contributor.supervisor Millet, Dominique, SupMéca Toulon, France
dc.opn Zwolinski, Peggy, Grenoble University, France
dc.opn Kondo, Shinsuke, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan
dc.contributor.lab Product Development Research Group en
dc.rev Zwolinski, Peggy, Grenoble University, France
dc.rev Collado-Ruiz, Daniel, Universidad Politècnica de Valencia, Spain
dc.date.defence 2013-02-11
dc.identifier.bibid 628118

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