The bottle and the damage done: Alcohol supply and related crime. Estimating the effects of Keskiolutlaki and subsequent crime rates

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en Luukkonen, Juha 2016-01-19T09:33:18Z 2016-01-19T09:33:18Z 2015
dc.description.abstract The aim of this study is to find how municipal crime levels changed in Finland in relation to the municipal alcohol availability during the years 1960-1975. The main focus is in the legislative change known as Keskiolutlaki (enforced in 1969), which liberated the retail sales of medium-strength beer across the land and ended the prohibition-like conditions that existed in the rural municipalities. The study of this subtle relationship between alcohol and crime is done with regression analysis. Furthermore, tools such as fixed effects, differences-in-differences and Poisson regression are used in distinguishing this relationship. Before the regressions, I review the legislative change in a historical perspective, its implications to alcohol consumption and previous studies on how alcohol availability affects consequent crime rates. The main dependent variables of this study are overall crime, traffic crime, other crime, drunk arrests (which means drunk and disorderly conduct), batteries and 'fatal offences and attempts at these'. The main independent variables reflect the municipal-level alcohol supply in the consequent years. The crime levels are population adjusted (or exposed to the population in Poisson regressions). In order to further distinguish between how alcohol supply affected different municipalities' crime levels after the legislative change, a quasi-experimental, differences-in-differences -based research setup is used. The treatment and control groups are formed according to the placement of Alko stores, which the most distinct form of alcohol supply in Finland The spatial availability of alcohol supply can be seen to significantly influence arrests regarding more precise study: More time-invariant variables especially regarding socioeconomic and- demographic municipal differences and more accurate estimates on how the alcohol supply and en
dc.format.extent 105
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.title The bottle and the damage done: Alcohol supply and related crime. Estimating the effects of Keskiolutlaki and subsequent crime rates en
dc.type G2 Pro gradu, diplomityö fi Kauppakorkeakoulu fi School of Business en
dc.contributor.department Taloustieteen laitos fi
dc.contributor.department Department of Economics en
dc.subject.keyword alcohol
dc.subject.keyword crime
dc.subject.keyword Keskiolutlaki
dc.subject.keyword Finland
dc.subject.keyword regression
dc.subject.keyword Poisson
dc.subject.keyword fixed effects
dc.subject.keyword diff-in-diff
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201601191029
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.programme.major Economics en
dc.programme.major Kansantaloustiede fi
dc.type.ontasot Master's thesis en
dc.type.ontasot Pro gradu tutkielma fi
dc.subject.helecon laskentatoimi
dc.subject.helecon accounting
dc.subject.helecon alkoholi
dc.subject.helecon alcohol
dc.subject.helecon lainsäädäntö
dc.subject.helecon legislation
dc.subject.helecon sosiaalipolitiikka
dc.subject.helecon social policy
dc.subject.helecon rikollisuus
dc.subject.helecon criminality
dc.subject.helecon kunnat
dc.subject.helecon municipalities
dc.ethesisid 14234 2015-12-04
dc.location P1 I

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