Essays on Empirical Political Economics

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.advisor Sarvimäki, Matti, Research Fellow, Aalto University, Department of Economics, Finland
dc.contributor.advisor Välimäki, Juuso, Prof., Aalto University, Department of Economics, Finland
dc.contributor.author Savolainen, Riikka
dc.date.accessioned 2015-12-18T10:02:13Z
dc.date.available 2015-12-18T10:02:13Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.isbn 978-952-60-6575-5 (electronic)
dc.identifier.isbn 978-952-60-6574-8 (printed)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4942 (electronic)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4934 (printed)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4934 (ISSN-L)
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/19328
dc.description.abstract This dissertation consists of three empirical essays each focusing on a different aspect of political behavior in Finnish municipalities. The second and the third essay utilize a novel data set, namely the voting advice application data from the municipal elections. In the first paper, I investigate whether establishing an asylum center for refugees in a municipality is associated with voting result changes. My contribution is to document political reactions at immigrants at a very early stage of an immigration process. With the caveat that the statistical power is low due to the small number of asylum centers, the tentative conclusion is that there seems to be no impact on voting shares of the anti-immigration party on the municipality level or on the sub-municipality level. The results for the pro-immigrant party are less conclusive. I do not find evidence on the heterogeneous effects related to the cultural homogeneity. In the second paper, I study whether a change in the local unemployment rate is associated with changes in candidate positioning in Finnish municipal elections. I find that when the unemployment rate is higher, politicians become more willing to prioritize employment over environmental protection, which is consistent with the existence of an environmental business cycle. The results are robust to different definitions of unemployment and are not driven by any single party. In the third paper, I investigate whether there is an incumbency effect with respect to policy positions regarding the degree of redistribution or the public sector size in an regression discontinuity design set-up. I also study if tenure makes politicians choose more moderate policy positions or approach national party position averages, general regional position averages or regional party position averages. The results suggest that being in office does not change politicians' policy positions. en
dc.format.extent 214
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Aalto University en
dc.publisher Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.relation.ispartofseries Aalto University publication series DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONS en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 171/2015
dc.relation.haspart Savolainen, Riikka. How Policies Influence Voter Sentiments: Evidence from Asylum Center Placements. Unpublished manuscript.
dc.relation.haspart Savolainen, Riikka. How Does Economic Crisis Influence Politicians’ Environmental Policy Positions? Unpublished manuscript.
dc.relation.haspart Savolainen, Riikka. Does Political Experience Influence Policy Positions? Unpublished manuscript.
dc.subject.other Economics en
dc.title Essays on Empirical Political Economics en
dc.type G5 Artikkeliväitöskirja fi
dc.contributor.school Kauppakorkeakoulu fi
dc.contributor.school School of Business en
dc.contributor.department Taloustieteen laitos fi
dc.contributor.department Department of Economics en
dc.subject.keyword candidate positioning en
dc.subject.keyword environmental politics en
dc.subject.keyword information en
dc.subject.keyword incumbency effect en
dc.subject.keyword voting en
dc.subject.keyword voting advice applications en
dc.identifier.urn URN:ISBN:978-952-60-6575-5
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation (article-based) en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja (artikkeli) fi
dc.contributor.supervisor Bagues, Manuel, Assistant Prof., Aalto University, Department of Economics, Finland
dc.opn Kotakorpi, Kaisa, Prof., University of Turku, Finland
dc.subject.helecon economic science
dc.subject.helecon municipalities
dc.subject.helecon regional policy
dc.subject.helecon voting
dc.subject.helecon knowledge
dc.subject.helecon local government
dc.subject.helecon public administration
dc.subject.helecon taloustieteet
dc.subject.helecon kunnat
dc.subject.helecon aluepolitiikka
dc.subject.helecon äänestäminen
dc.subject.helecon tieto
dc.subject.helecon kunnallishallinto
dc.subject.helecon julkinen hallinto
dc.date.defence 2015-12-21


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