The Russian forest industry: a case of competitiveness and export taxes

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dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi Mäkelä, Tuomas 2011-11-14T11:23:10Z 2011-11-14T11:23:10Z 2009
dc.description.abstract Objectives This study examines the theories of competitiveness and export taxes and applies these theories to the Russian forest industry and the proposed roundwood export taxes that Russia is currently implementing. The goal of this study is to provide a well rounded picture of the Russian forest industry and to answer questions about what commodities it is competitive in, and about how will the export taxes affect its competitiveness and welfare. These goals are attained by utilizing various theories and by calculating parameters to better describe the Russian forest industry’s current state. This thesis also looks at the global forest sector, its politics, and Russia’s place in it, and calculates an optimal export tax for Russia. Data The trade data utilized to calculate the competitiveness of the Russian forest sector is gathered from the United Nations Comtrade database and includes 216 commodities classified at the 6-digit level from 128 countries. RCA and PRODY values are calculated for all commodities and an EXPY value for all countries for the year 2006. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations statistics database Faostat is also used to calculate an optimal export tax for Russia and Herfindahl Hirschman Indexes for the concentrations of global supply and demand for roundwood. Results The Russian forest sector is found to be competitive primarily in products with a low added value. The competitiveness of the sector is not below what is expected from a country in Russia’s stage of development (measured by GDP per capita). The actual forest sector is fragmented in the case of logging, harvesting, and sawmills, and somewhat more concentrated in pulp and paper production. Russia is a major world exporter of industrial roundwood and hence could benefit from a relatively high export tax on roundwood exports, but the taxes currently suggested go even higher than this and are in effect prohibitive to trade. Russia faces a more concentrated world demand for its roundwood exports, but also operates in a more concentrated supplier market. Russia may be able to encourage investment into its processing sector by raising barriers to trade, but the costs of investing in Russia may remain too high to make this optimal even with the barriers in place. The main loser in the Russian forest sector because of the export taxes will be the logging and harvesting industry, while the main winners will be the sawmills and producers of plywood and pulp. en
dc.format.extent 88
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.title The Russian forest industry: a case of competitiveness and export taxes en
dc.type G2 Pro gradu, diplomityö fi Kauppakorkeakoulu fi School of Economics en
dc.contributor.department Department of Economics en
dc.contributor.department Kansantaloustieteen laitos fi
dc.subject.keyword Russia
dc.subject.keyword forest industry
dc.subject.keyword competitiveness
dc.subject.keyword export taxes
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201111151101
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.programme.major Economics en
dc.programme.major Kansantaloustiede fi
dc.type.ontasot Master's thesis en
dc.type.ontasot Pro gradu tutkielma fi
dc.subject.helecon kansantaloustiede
dc.subject.helecon economics
dc.subject.helecon metsäteollisuus
dc.subject.helecon forest industry
dc.subject.helecon Venäjä
dc.subject.helecon Russia
dc.subject.helecon kilpailukyky
dc.subject.helecon competitiveness
dc.subject.helecon vienti
dc.subject.helecon exports
dc.subject.helecon tullit
dc.subject.helecon customs duties
dc.ethesisid 12057 2009-05-08
dc.location P1 I

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