Experiencing Art: The Influence of Expertise and Painting Abstraction Level

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Pihko, Elina
dc.contributor.author Virtanen, Anne
dc.contributor.author Saarinen, Veli-Matti
dc.contributor.author Pannasch, Sebastian
dc.contributor.author Hirvenkari, Lotta
dc.contributor.author Tossavainen, Timo
dc.contributor.author Haapala, Arto
dc.contributor.author Hari, Riitta
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-18T10:01:39Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-18T10:01:39Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation Pihko, Elina & Virtanen, Anne & Saarinen, Veli-Matti & Pannasch, Sebastian & Hirvenkari, Lotta & Tossavainen, Timo & Haapala, Arto & Hari, Riitta. 2011. Experiencing Art: The Influence of Expertise and Painting Abstraction Level. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. Volume 5. 10. ISSN 1662-5161 (printed). DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2011.00094. en
dc.identifier.issn 1662-5161 (printed)
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/18516
dc.description.abstract How does expertise influence the perception of representational and abstract paintings? We asked 20 experts on art history and 20 laypersons to explore and evaluate a series of paintings ranging in style from representational to abstract in five categories. We compared subjective esthetic judgments and emotional evaluations, gaze patterns, and electrodermal reactivity between the two groups of participants. The level of abstraction affected esthetic judgments and emotional valence ratings of the laypersons but had no effect on the opinions of the experts: the laypersons’ esthetic and emotional ratings were highest for representational paintings and lowest for abstract paintings, whereas the opinions of the experts were independent of the abstraction level. The gaze patterns of both groups changed as the level of abstraction increased: the number of fixations and the length of the scanpaths increased while the duration of the fixations decreased. The viewing strategies – reflected in the target, location, and path of the fixations – however indicated that experts and laypersons paid attention to different aspects of the paintings. The electrodermal reactivity did not vary according to the level of abstraction in either group but expertise was reflected in weaker responses, compared with laypersons, to information received about the paintings. en
dc.format.extent 10
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Frontiers Media SA en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Frontiers in Human Neuroscience en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Volume 5
dc.rights © 2011 Frontiers Media SA. This document is protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. It is reproduced with permission. en
dc.subject.other Medical sciences en
dc.title Experiencing Art: The Influence of Expertise and Painting Abstraction Level en
dc.type A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä fi
dc.description.version Peer reviewed en
dc.rights.holder Frontiers Media SA
dc.contributor.school Perustieteiden korkeakoulu fi
dc.contributor.school School of Science en
dc.contributor.department Neurotieteen ja lääketieteellisen tekniikan laitos fi
dc.contributor.department Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering en
dc.subject.keyword art perception en
dc.subject.keyword aesthetic judgment en
dc.subject.keyword eye movement en
dc.subject.keyword electrodermal activity en
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201511175070
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.identifier.doi 10.3389/fnhum.2011.00094
dc.type.version Final published version en

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