Econometric analysis of impacts of immigration on Finnish bilateral trade flows

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Kekäläinen, Antti
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-04T13:21:24Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-04T13:21:24Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/18475
dc.description.abstract Objectives: In this study the effects of immigration on Finnish bilateral import and export flows are studied using the gravity model of trade as a theoretical framework. Marginal effects of immigration on trade flows are found out by employing the traditional gravity equation partially and using data for 179 trading partners of Finland over a 17-year period 1995-2011. In addition, channels through which immigration could affect trade are discussed in this thesis and, finally, empirical estimation models employed in the estimation of the gravity equation are compared. Theoretical background and methodology: The theoretical framework of this study relates to the literature on business and social networks. The networks can bring about, for example, informational advantages or im-prove contract enforcement. In addition, immigration's impacts on imports could also be characterized by immigrants' preferences for their home goods. On the other hand, vast literature on theoretical gravity equation is reviewed in the thesis too. The theory on gravi-ty equation of trade is dealt with in detail to reflect the need for a correct theoretical equa-tion including multilateral trade resistance. Henceforth, in some of the empirical estima-tions the traditional gravity equation with amendments is employed to reflect the qualities revealed by the theory. Ultimately, the estimation of the partial gravity equation in this thesis is done by using both ordinary least squares (OLS) and Poisson pseudo-maximum-likelihood (PPML) methods to obtain information on an adequate estimator in the context of trade data, known to contain a large number of zeros and very likely to possess het-eroskedastic error terms. Key findings: Based on the results obtained in the empirical estimations, a small positive effect of immi-gration on imports and exports was found using the PPML and OLS regressions. When comparing the PPML and OLS estimators, the PPML was concluded to be more adequate in the context of this partial gravity equation. All in all, no conclusions could be drawn from the channels through which immigration might have an impact on trade due to in-complete model considerations. Thus further studies on immigration's effects on trade using a complete theory-based gravity equation and, especially, more complete data should be conducted in order to be able to draw further conclusions on the impact chan-nels of immigration on trade. en
dc.format.extent 113
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.title Econometric analysis of impacts of immigration on Finnish bilateral trade flows en
dc.type G2 Pro gradu, diplomityö fi
dc.contributor.school Kauppakorkeakoulu fi
dc.contributor.school School of Business en
dc.contributor.department Taloustieteen laitos fi
dc.contributor.department Department of Economics en
dc.subject.keyword immigration
dc.subject.keyword international trade
dc.subject.keyword gravity equation
dc.subject.keyword migrant networks
dc.subject.keyword Finland
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201511055046
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.programme.major Economics en
dc.programme.major Kansantaloustiede fi
dc.type.ontasot Master's thesis en
dc.type.ontasot Pro gradu tutkielma fi
dc.subject.helecon taloustieteet
dc.subject.helecon economic science
dc.subject.helecon kansantalous
dc.subject.helecon national economy
dc.subject.helecon maahanmuutto
dc.subject.helecon immigration
dc.subject.helecon ulkomaankauppa
dc.subject.helecon foreign trade
dc.subject.helecon verkostot
dc.subject.helecon networks
dc.subject.helecon Suomi
dc.subject.helecon Finland
dc.ethesisid 14149
dc.date.dateaccepted 2015-09-22
dc.location P1 I


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