Corporate governance in Africa: Comparative study

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en Markkanen, Sanni 2015-11-04T13:21:13Z 2015-11-04T13:21:13Z 2015
dc.description.abstract This thesis is a comparative study focusing on African national corporate governance codes and guidelines, with special attention given to comparing the African corporate governance codes to European colonizers' equivalent codes. The study focuses on those African countries which were under European colonial rule during the colonial period from 1881 to 1914, as during that time most of Africa was under European rule. The study addresses whether the African countries, which currently have a corporate governance code in place, have acknowledged their specific context and environment in developing their own corporate governance codes. According to many researchers, there are no universal laws in corporate governance and the efficiency of specific corporate governance practices can vary in different contexts. Therefore, the same governance mechanisms would not work as well in less developed African countries than they would in more developed countries in Europe. For example, financial market development, legal enforcement, and ownership structures can have an effect on what corporate governance mechanisms are useful. However, the colonial history of a country can largely affect the development of institutions and legal environment in said country. Thus, it is possible that African countries would have mimicked the governance codes of their former colonizers, rather than developed codes that would suit their environment and market conditions better. In addition to the emerging market environment and colonial heritage, the study addresses whether religion, legal origin, and corruption level of a country, or the mortality rate of settlers during colonialism have an effect on the development of corporate governance codes. We have used archival research techniques to analyse the national corporate governance codes of each country. This has enabled an analysis of multiple countries simultaneously, and also a comparative analysis of older and newer codes of the same country. Our findings conclude that African corporate governance codes have not merely been mimicked from their colonizer's code, but rather African countries have in their codes addressed issues which are relevant for their environment, such as strong communal values and corruption. However, the codes still have room for improvement in relation to minority rights protection and in the encouragement of institutional investor participation for example. Also we find that those African countries which have a corporate governance code in place are on average less corrupt than the countries which do not have such code in place at the moment. en
dc.format.extent 105
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.title Corporate governance in Africa: Comparative study en
dc.type G2 Pro gradu, diplomityö fi Kauppakorkeakoulu fi School of Business en
dc.contributor.department Laskentatoimen laitos fi
dc.contributor.department Department of Accounting en
dc.subject.keyword corporate governance
dc.subject.keyword contingency theory
dc.subject.keyword path dependency
dc.subject.keyword colonialism
dc.subject.keyword Africa
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201511054950
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.programme.major Accounting en
dc.programme.major Laskentatoimi fi
dc.type.ontasot Master's thesis en
dc.type.ontasot Pro gradu tutkielma fi
dc.subject.helecon laskentatoimi
dc.subject.helecon accounting
dc.subject.helecon corporate governance
dc.subject.helecon corporate governance
dc.subject.helecon Afrikka
dc.subject.helecon Africa
dc.subject.helecon arvot
dc.subject.helecon values
dc.subject.helecon korruptio
dc.subject.helecon corruption
dc.ethesisid 14053 2015-06-10
dc.location P1 I

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