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Mechanically defibrated wood in pulverized fuel firing

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.advisor Hillamo, Harri
dc.contributor.advisor Holmberg, Henrik
dc.contributor.author Lohilahti, Henri
dc.date.accessioned 2014-11-06T10:00:27Z
dc.date.available 2014-11-06T10:00:27Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/14424
dc.description.abstract By replacing coal with renewable fuels, such as wood, the consumption of coal and the amount of fossil fuel emissions can be reduced. The wood fuels need however processing before combustion in pulverized fuel firing boilers. The aim of this work is to study the applicability of the DustComb-process as a pretreatment method for wood fuels. The principle of the DustComb-process is to defibrate the woody feedstock with a mechanical defibrator, and the produced fines are dried with a flash dryer integrated into the process. The dried fines are either fed into a pulverized fuel burner or stored for later use. In this work, the co-firing of biomass in a pulverized coal boiler is discussed, and the principles of mechanical defibration and flash drying are explained. In the experimental part of this study, the influence of the disc clearance on the defibrator’s specific energy consumption is determined. The disc clearance in the defibration tests are varied between 0.60 and 1.80 mm. Also the effect of the particle size on the drying rate is studied. In the calculations part, the costs of producing the DustComb-fuel are estimated and their dependence on the market price of electricity, the price of heat, and the price of the feedstock are evaluated. The costs are further compared with the market prices of coal and wood pellets. The experimental results show that the energy consumption of the defibration starts to increase rapidly when the disc clearance is narrowed from 1.00 mm. According to the test results, the studied particle size changes do not have any remarkable effect on the drying rate of the material. A significant observation is that a great amount of the wa-ter in the wood is evaporated already during the defibration (16–25% of the initial moisture). The calculation results show that the production of the DustComb-fuel is economically viable when compared to the price of coal, and especially when com-pared to the price of wood pellets. The results also show that the costs of the energy needed for the DustComb-process are low compared to the price of the raw material. en
dc.format.extent 79
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Aalto University en
dc.publisher Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.subject.other Energy en
dc.subject.other Paper technology en
dc.title Mechanically defibrated wood in pulverized fuel firing en
dc.type G2 Diplomityö fi
dc.contributor.school Insinööritieteiden korkeakoulu fi
dc.contributor.school School of Engineering en
dc.contributor.department Energiatekniikan laitos fi
dc.contributor.department Department of Energy Technology en
dc.subject.keyword DustComb en
dc.subject.keyword biomass en
dc.subject.keyword pulverized fuel firing en
dc.subject.keyword co-firing en
dc.subject.keyword mechanical pulping en
dc.subject.keyword flash drying en
dc.subject.keyword wood fuel en
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201411063006
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.programme.major Energy Technology en
dc.programme.mcode K3007
dc.type.ontasot Master's thesis en
dc.type.ontasot Diplomityö fi
dc.contributor.supervisor Ahtila, Pekka
dc.date.dateaccepted 2013-08-27
local.aalto.openaccess yes
local.aalto.digifolder Aalto_07644
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
local.aalto.idinssi 47314
dc.type.publication masterThesis
dc.type.okm G2 Pro gradu, diplomityö

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