Assessing the Socioeconomic Impacts Arising from Oil Pollutions in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria – Environmental Law and Management

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.advisor Ekroos, Ari, Prof., Aalto University, Department of Real Estate, Planning and Geoinformatics, Finland
dc.contributor.author Nwoko, Charles N.
dc.date.accessioned 2014-08-18T09:00:29Z
dc.date.available 2014-08-18T09:00:29Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.isbn 978-952-60-5799-6 (electronic)
dc.identifier.isbn 978-952-60-5798-9 (printed)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4942 (electronic)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4934 (printed)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4934 (ISSN-L)
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/13778
dc.description.abstract The aim of this study was to assess the socioeconomic impacts arising from the oil pollutions in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria, including a possible solution. Nigeria is a developing country with inherent government failures in legal enforcement, and petroleum companies are unable to comply with pertinent petroleum-related legislation. The study target oil spillage and gas flaring as the principal petroleum-related pollutions, and conducts a field study to determine the pollution impacts on the physical environment. The field study covered two oil and gas-hosting communities and the effects of gas flaring and oil spillage were studied and analysed. Farming and fishery are the main sources of livelihood in the study areas, likewise other oil and gas-hosting communities in the Niger Delta, and impacts on farming and fishery will impact on their livelihood. The study is multidimensional and therefore leans on scientific, law and social methods to prove to achieve its aim and objectives. It is necessary to investigate through laboratory experiments on how pollutions affect the physical environment before resulting to socioeconomic impacts. The laboratory experiments are justified because they are the only scientific method to know how the pollutions impact on the soil, water and air, which negatively affect agriculture and fishery, and thereby causing socioeconomic impacts. The study in addition conducts a secondary method of data collection through questionnaire technique to sample the opinions of the oil-bearing communities. Both the primary and the secondary data are presented in chapter three and research findings in chapter four. The study presents a legal argument (chapter 4.3.1) to attest community perceptions and claims. The major conclusions are firstly that oil-related environmental problems have socioeconomic impacts. Secondly, that solution can be sought through adequate regulatory measures, such as establishing an independent mediating institution, such as an environmental ombudsman, and creating a specialized environmental court or other adjudications. en
dc.format.extent 206
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Aalto University en
dc.publisher Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.relation.ispartofseries Aalto University publication series DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONS en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 115/2014
dc.subject.other Environmental science en
dc.subject.other Law, Patents en
dc.title Assessing the Socioeconomic Impacts Arising from Oil Pollutions in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria – Environmental Law and Management en
dc.type G4 Monografiaväitöskirja fi
dc.contributor.school Insinööritieteiden korkeakoulu fi
dc.contributor.school School of Engineering en
dc.contributor.department Maankäyttötieteiden laitos fi
dc.contributor.department Department of Real Estate, Planning and Geoinformatics en
dc.subject.keyword oil spillage en
dc.subject.keyword gas flaring en
dc.subject.keyword multinational corporations en
dc.subject.keyword Nigerian government en
dc.subject.keyword petroleum legislation en
dc.subject.keyword technology en
dc.subject.keyword environmental ombudsman and environmental court en
dc.identifier.urn URN:ISBN:978-952-60-5799-6
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation (monograph) en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja (monografia) fi
dc.contributor.supervisor Ekroos, Ari, Prof., Aalto University, Department of Real Estate, Planning and Geoinformatics, Finland
dc.opn Kotilainen, Juha, Prof., University of Eastern Finland.
dc.date.dateaccepted 2014-04-15
dc.rev Hollo, E., Prof. Emeritus, Helsinki University
dc.rev Kumpula, Anne, Prof., Turku University
dc.date.defence 2014-08-22


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